Right facing portrait of Empress Maria Theresia of Hapsburg surrounded by the legend “Maria Theresia, Dei Gratia, Romanorum Imperatrix, Hungariae Bohemiaeque Regina”.
Translation: Maria-Theresia, by the Grace of God, Roman Empress, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia
Imperial double-headed eagle with the arms of Austria at the centre, surrounded by four quarters representing Hungary, Bohemia, Burgundy and Burgau (Günzburg). Legend around “Archidux Austriae, Dux Burgundiae, Comes Tyrolis”.
Lettering: ARCHID·AVST·DUX· BURG·CO·TYR·1780·X
Translation: Archduchess of Austria, duchess of Burgundy, comtess of Tyrol
Lettering: IUSTITIA ET CLEMENTIA
Translation: Justice and Mercy
Theresia-Thaler restruck up to modern times in different mints and regions of the world. No mintmarks below feet – normal 1780 has IC-FA
Each coin contains .7516 oz of pure Silver!
Maria Theresa succeeded her father, Charles VI as ruler of the Kingdoms of Austria and Hungary in 1740. During her 40 year reign, she defended her empire successfully in the War of Austrian Succession. The silver Thaler was the currency of the empire and its dominions.
This coin was one of the most important trade coins in Europe, and one of the best known in the world. The Austrian Thaler and the Spanish 8 Reales were the basis for the silver dollar which was adopted by the fledgling United States under the Mint Act of 1792.
The word “dollar” is derived from the German/Austrian word “Thaler”.